挑/Tiao – Raise, 托/Tuo – Support, 抹/Mo – Wipe, 掛/Gua – Hang, 㓲/Pian – Pare, 搜/Sou – Search, 閉/Bi – Close, 掃/Sao – Sweep, 順/Shun – Follow, 截/Jie – Intercept.
Raising is the hand is in Old Yin move, like in Green Dragon Returns Head Pattern, rising toward the enemy’s wrist, or perhaps arm. Both are acceptable to call Raising.
Supporting is the hand is in Old Yang move, like in White Ape Holds a Peach Pattern, propping forward toward the enemy’s wrist or perhaps arm are both called Supporting. Raising is often used when inside the enemy’s sword, Supporting is often used when outside the enemy’s sword.
Smearing is in order to invite the enemy’s wrist or perhaps arm, use the sword to Raise or perhaps Support, then the body & sword move, perhaps to the left, perhaps to the right. This is called Smearing.
Hanging is when the enemy’s sword has already reached my wrist, or perhaps hacks at the right side of my body, I use my sword to meet the upper third of the enemy’s sword. Bending my arm, drawing back my body & sword in one go, while going in a circle & carrying the enemy’s sword. Carry & Follow according to the situation, then Strike the enemy. This is called Hanging.
Pareing is when the enemy uses Hand Supporting toward my left arm or his sword desires to reach my left arm. Just as he arrives, my left arm extends under my right arm, I use my sword to go chop the front of his left shoulder. This is called Pareing.
Searching is when the enemy’s sword possibly chops at me above or chops at me below, my sword anticipates the enemy first. It goes toward the enemy’s wrist, either to the left or to the right, as if peeling something. It is so fast, going quickly & returning suddenly, as abrupt as lightning. This is called Searching.
Closing is when the enemy’s sword desires to go out but he has not yet extended it, I suddenly use my sword to block up the enemy, so his hand is unable to extend his sword. This is called Closing.
Sweeping is Upper & Lower Sweeping. Having met the enemy’s wrist, I use my sword to Raise. If he wishes to change methods, I quickly use my sword to coil & wind his wrist, in order that his desire to change not be allowed. This is called Upper Sweeping. When the enemy’s sword hacks at my inner wrist or outer wrist, I quickly withdraw & lower my body, & use the sword to visit the enemy’s leg, as if sweeping the floor, generally Hacking. This is called Lower Sweeping.
Following is when the enemy’s sword strike comes at me, I go along with his momentum to subsequently draw him out, or perhaps the enemy’s sword is going to draw back, I go along with his momentum to subsequently carry & enter. Both cases are called Following. When using this character, you cannot be stubborn, it is Advancing or Retreating by means of Intent.
Intercepting is when the enemy’s sword strike comes at me, I quickly use my sword to block the enemy’s wrist or sword, so that he cannot become dominant. It divides into Upper, Middle, & Lower; all Three Roads are called Intercepting.
The above Ten Characters are this sword’s Essential Methods of Usage. Although they are called Essential Methods, when applied correctly they must have the Inner Shen & Yi, & Outer Hands & Feet, combined as one integrated body with the sword. Only when you are able to use all of them when suitable can the variations be endless.