Taiji is given birth by Wuji; it is the Pivot of Movement & Stillness, as well as the Mother of Yin & Yang; in Movement it divides, in Stillness it combines. Not over-long & not falling short, straightening immediately follows bending. When he is hard & I am soft it is called Yielding, when I follow his back it is called Adhering. Moving quickly gets a quick response, moving slowly then follow slowly. Although there are ten thousand kinds of variations, the principle is a single thread. Once you become skilled you will gradually become aware of & comprehend Jin. It is by comprehending Jin & proceeding step by step that you reach spiritual enlightenment. Thus, without diligently studying it over a long period of time you won’t be able to understand how. The Jin at the crown of the head is empty & alert, the Qi sinks to the Dantian. Without sagging to the side & without leaning, suddenly hidden & suddenly appearing. If he pressures my left then my left is empty, & if he pressures my right side then my right disappears. Looking up, it’s ever taller, looking down it’s ever lower. When Advancing, it’s ever longer, when Retreating, it’s ever more urgent. A feather cannot be added, a fly cannot land. Other people don’t know me, but I alone know other people. Heroes are unrivaled, in all cases if you build from this & you will surely reach it. There are many other schools beside this skill, & although their patterns have distinctions, in general they are nothing but the strong taking advantage of the weak, or the slow yielding to the fast, nothing more. The powerful beating the powerless, the hand that is slow yields to the hand that is fast, are in all cases of inborn natural ability, & are not related to Learned Power. Examine the phrase “Four Taels brushes aside a Thousand Jin,” & it is conspicuously not a victory of strength. Look at the sight of a grey & venerable man resisting a crowd, how is it a matter of speed? Stand like a level scale, move like a wheel, if you lean & sink then you cans follow, if Double Pressured than sluggish. We have all seen practioners with many years pure skill that are unable to apply transformations. In every case where they are controlled by others, & unable to control others, their not understanding Double Pressuring is the problem, that is all. If you wish to avoid this problem, then Yin & Yang must be borne in mind. Adhering is Yielding, Yielding is Adhering. Yang doesn’t leave Yin, Yin doesn’t leave Yang. Yin & Yang mutually aid is the formula to understand Jin. Once you have understood Jin, more practice leads to more perfected knowledge. Try to figure it out from memory, until gradually you will arrive at “doing as one pleases.” The foundation is discarding the self & following others. People often make the mistake of giving up what is near to seek what is distant. The Scholars do not understand how this works in detail, so-called Hai-Li Mistake, missing by One Thousand Li.
Long Boxing is like the Long River flowing endlessly toward the great sea. The Thirteen Patterns are: Peng/Warding, Lu/Brushing, Ji/Squeezing, An/Depressing, Cai/Plucking, Lie/Rending, Zhou/Bending, Kao/Leaning, these are the Eight Signs; Advance Step, Retreat Step, Look Left, Expect Right, Central Stability, these are the Five Phases. When combined, these are called the Thirteen Patterns. Peng, Lu, Ji, & An are the Four Sides, Kan, Li, Zhen, & Dui; Cai, Lie, Zhou, & Kao are the Four Corners, Qian, Gen, Xun, Kun; Advance, Retreat, Looking, Expecting, & Stable are Metal, Wood, Water, Fire, & Earth.
3 thoughts on “孫氏太極拳參考資料: 王宗岳太極拳論/Sun Shi Taijiquan Can Kao Zi Liao: Wang Zongyue Taijiquan Lun – Sun Style Taijiquan Reference Material: Wang Zongyue’s Taijiquan Theory”
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