(一)明三節。舉一身而言之,則手肘為梢節,腰腹為中節,足腿為根節,然分而言之,則三節中,亦各有三節也。如手為梢節之梢節,肘為梢節之中節,肩為梢節之根節,此梢節之三節也。胸為中節之梢節,心為中節之中節,丹田為中節之根節,此中節之三節也。足為根節之梢節,膝為根節之中節,胯為根節之根節,此根節之三節也。要領不外乎起、隨、追而已。蓋梢節起,中節隨,根節追,三節相應,庶不致有長短曲直之誤,參差仰俯之病,此三節之所以貴乎明者也。

(1) Clarify the Three Sections. Enumerating the whole body regarding the Three Sections, then the hand & elbow are the Tip Section, the waist & abdomen are the Middle Section, the feet & legs are the Root Section, thus the body is divided regarding the Three Sections, but within the Three Sections each also has three sections, too. Such as the hand being the tip section’s tip section, the elbow being the tip section’s middle section, the shoulder being the tip section’s root section, in this case the Tip Section surely has three sections. The chest is the middle section’s tip section, the heart is the middle section’s middle section, the Dantian is the middle section’s root section, in this case the Middle Section surely has three sections. The foot is the root section’s tip section, the knee is the root section’s middle section, the Kua is the root section’s root section, in this case the Root Section surely has three sections. The gist is nothing else but initiating, following, & chasing, that’s all. By protecting the Tip Section initiates, the Middle Section follows, the Root Section chases, the Three Sections will correspond, common people aren’t likely to have the mistake of length’s bent or straight, or the sickness of uneven turning up or turning down. In this case the Three Sections are the reason why your name will be bright. 

解曰:起隨追勁法也,三節名雖不一而勁法則一也。蓋通身勁法如是,而各節中之勁法亦如是。起要起去,隨要隨定,追要追上,一動而三勁皆至,則無失矣。

The Explanation says: This is called the Initiating, Following, & Chasing Jin Method, even though the name is different than the Three Sections the Jin Method is the same. The Concealed Connected Body Jin Method is thus, & each section’s Jin Method is also thus. Initiating Waist initiates going, Following Waist follows the order, Chasing Waist overtakes, one motion & three Jin all arrive, without missing. 

訣曰:身以滾而起,手以滾而出,身進手足隨,三節自然齊。

The Secrets say: The body uses rolling & rising, the hands use rolling & extending, the body advances & the hands & feet follow, the Three Sections are naturally even. 

(二)齊四梢。蓋發為血梢,手足指甲為筋梢,牙為骨梢,舌為肉梢,此四梢也。必使發欲衝冠(怒髮衝冠),甲欲透骨,牙欲斷金(咬牙切齒),舌欲催齒(舌頂上顎),心一顫而四者皆至,則四梢齊,而內勁自然出矣。蓋氣從丹田而生,如虎之狠,如龍之驚,氣發而為聲,聲隨手落,手隨聲發,一枝動而百枝動,四梢既齊,而內勁無不出矣。

(2) Even out the Four Tips. The hair is the blood tip, the fingers & toes are the tendon tip, the teeth are the bone tip, the tongue is the muscle tip, these are the Four Tips. You must cause the hair to desire to clash with your hat (the hair stands up in anger & tips off the hat), the nails desire to penetrate the bones, the teeth desire to break metal (gnashing one’s teeth), the tongue desire to press the teeth (tongue presses the upper palate), the center shakes once & four parts all arrive, then the Four Tips are even, & the Internal Jin is naturally produced. Build Qi from the Dantian & grow, vicious like a tiger, startling like a dragon, Qi issues & there is a sound, the sound follows the hand’s falling, the hand follows the sound’s issuing, if one branch moves then a hundred branches move, the Four Tips are already even, & the Internal Jin extends without lack. 

(三)閉五行。五行者,金、木、水、火、土也。內屬人五髒,外屬人五官。如心屬火,心急勇力生;肝屬木,肝急火焰衝;脾屬土,脾動大力攻;肺屬金,肺動沉雷鳴;腎屬水,腎動快如風,此五行之存於內者也。目通於肝,鼻通於肺,耳通於腎,舌通於心,人中通於脾,此五行之現於外者也。故曰:五行本是五道關,無人把守自遮攔,天地交合遮日月,武藝相爭閉五行,真確論也。而所最宜知者,手心通心屬火,鼻尖通肺屬金,火到金到,亦自然之理也,餘可類推。

(3) Close the Five Phases. The Five Phases are Metal, Wood, Water, Fire, & Earth. The Internal type are people’s Five Viscera, the External type are people’s Five Senses. Such as the heart belongs to Fire, the heart presses courage & strength to be born; the liver belongs to wood, the liver presses anger to blaze vigorously; the spleen belongs to Earth, the spleen moves with great strength in attack; the lungs belong to Metal, the lungs’ movement sinks like rolling thunder; kidneys belongs to Water, the kidneys movement is as quick as the wind, these are the Five Phases that exist on the inside. The eyes connect to the liver, the nose connects to the lungs, the ears connect to the kidneys, the tongue connects to the heart, the Renzhong cavity connects to the spleen, these are the Five Phases that manifest on the outside. Therefore it’s said: the Five Phases root are five closed paths, no person guards the self by concealing obstructions, Heaven & Earth copulate by concealing the Sun & Moon, Martial Skills mutually contend by closing the Five Phases, this an authentic opinion. As well as that which is most suitable to know, the center of the hand connects to the heart belongs to Fire, the tip of the nose connects to the lungs belongs to Metal, completing these two is also according to natural principles, the remainder may  deduced by analogy. 

解曰:手打鼻通,火到金化,亦自然之理也。與人相較,先閉住自己五行(五官)以克他人之五行,才能以四兩撥千斤也。可與四梢法相參考。

The Explanation says: The hand strikes & the nose connects, Fire arrives & Metal transforms, are also nature’s principles. When taking part in mutual comparison with others, first close & stop your own Five Phases (Five Senses) in order to overcome other people’s Five Phases, this is called the ability to use four Liang to push aside a thousand Jin. It is permitted to mutually consult the Four Tips Method. 

(四)身法。身法之要有八:起、落、進、退、反、側、收、縱而已。夫起落者,起為橫,落為順也。進退者,進步低,而退步高也。反側者,返身顧後,而側身顧左右也。收縱者,收如伏貓,而縱如放虎也。大抵以中平為宜,以正直為妙,與三節相貫,此不可不知也。

(4) Body Method. The Body Method must have these eight: Rising, Falling, Advancing, Retreating, Reversing, Lateral, Collecting, Releasing, that’s all. Rising & Falling are, Rising is horizontal, Falling is smooth. Advancing & Retreating are, Advance Step is low, & Retreat Step is high. Reverse & Lateral are, Reversing Body looks after the back, & Lateral Body looks after left & right. Collecting & Releasing are, Collect as if a concealed cat, & Release as if a freed tiger. Generally speaking calm usage is proper, upright usage is clever, & the Three Sections are mutually threaded together, these cannot be unknown. 

解曰:起望高,束身而起,落望低,展身而落。

The Explanation says: Rise towards the heights, bind the body & rise, Fall towards the depths, spread the body & fall. 

(五)步法。步法者,寸、顛、過、快、濺是也。如兩三尺遠,則用寸步,如四五尺遠,則用顛步,必顛一步方能到也。若遇身大力強者,則用過步,即進前腳,急過後腳,所謂步起在人落過於人也。如有一丈八尺遠,則用快步,快步者,起前腳帶後腳平步如飛而去,並非跳躍而往也,此馬奔虎竄之意也,非藝成者不可輕用,惟遠不發腳而已。如遇人多或持有器械者,則連腿帶腳並翦而上,即所謂採腳二起之說,亦即鴛鴦腳法,又如鷂子入林,燕子抄水之式也。學者隨便使用,但縱橫之法不可不熟,習之純熟,用之無心,方盡其妙也。

(5) Footwork. The Stepping Methods are Inch, Falling, Passing, Quick, Splashing. If two or three Chi apart, then use Inch Step, if four or five Chi apart then use Falling Step, you must bump him, you can then arrive in a single step. If encountering a vigorous & strong body, then use Passing Step, that is Advance the front foot & quickly pass the rear foot, what is called the step rises & the person falls is surely too much for people. If there is one Zhang to eight Chi distance, then use Quick Step. Quick Step is raising the front foot, carry the rear foot to evenly step as if flying & go. Though it really isn’t jumping & going, this is the idea in Horse Rushing & Tiger Fleeing, it isn’t skillful if you can complete it but can’t easily use it, but if the distance is too far don’t issue the foot, that’s all. If you encounter many people or someone with a weapon, then Linked Legs raise the feet, combining scissoring & rising, i.e. what’s called Picking Feet Double Rising’s theory, that is Mandarin Duck Leg Method, also like the Sparrow Hawk Enters the Forest & Swallow Skims Water Patterns, too. Study it as you wish to use it, however to be able to move freely the Method cannot be immature. Practice it skillfully & use it unintentionally, when taken to the limit it is called wonderful. 

(六)手足法。手法者,單手、雙手、起手、領手、截手、出手也。筋梢發有起有落者,謂之起手,筋梢不發,起而未落者,謂之領手。起前手如鷂子入林,推後手如燕子抄水,往上一翻長身而落,此單手之法也。如雙手相交並起並落,起如舉鼎,落如分瓶(瓶未裝物,即虛空之意),此雙手之法也。順起順落,參以領搓者,謂之截手。當胸直出者,謂之出手。總之直而非直,曲而非曲,肘護心發,手胯隨起,而其起似虎之撲人,其落如鷹隼之抓物也。

(6) Hand & Foot Method. The Hand Methods are Single Hand, Double Hand, Rising Hand, Leading Hand, Intercepting Hand, Issuing Hand. When the Tendon Tip’s issuing has rising & has falling it is called Rising Hand. When the Tendon Tip does not issue, rising & not falling, it is called Leading Hand. Raising the front hand like Sparrow Hawk Enters the Forest, or pushing the rear hand like Swallow Skims the Water, first ascend then lengthen the body as soon as you overturn & fall, this is called the Single Hand Method. If both hands cooperate, simultaneously rising & falling, rising like lifting a cauldron, falling like dividing a bottle (not a full bottle, i.e. Emptiness is the idea), this is called the Double Hand Method. Smooth rising & smooth falling, joining by means of leading & rolling, is called Intercepting Hand. Straight issuing at the chest is called Issuing Hand. In short it is straight & not straight, bent & not bent. The elbow protects the center when issuing, the Kua follows the hand rising, & it’s rising is like a tiger pouncing on someone, it’s falling is like an eagle catching something. 

足法者,起鑽落翻,忌踢宜踩而已。蓋腳起望膝,膝起望懷,腳打膝分而出,而其形上翻如手起之撩陰也。至於落則如以石鑽物,如手之落浮眉也,其忌踢者,腳起渾身是空也。宜踩者,如置物於足下也,即手落如鷹捉是也。然手足之法,本自相同,而足之為用,亦必如虎行之無聲,龍行之莫測,然後可也。

The Foot Method is Rising Drilling Falling Overturning, if you dread a kick you should Stamp & nothing more. Conceal the leg rising toward the knee, by raising the knee toward the chest, the leg then strikes the knee & issues, & so its appearance on overturning is like the hand rising to Scoop the Yin. As for falling it’s like a rock digging into something. If your hand’s falling wipes the eyebrow too, the enemy will dread this kick. This is called the leg rising all over freely. A proper Stamp is like placing something under the foot, the way the hand’s falling resembles an eagle’s grabbing. Thus the Hand & Foot Methods naturally have the same basis, & the foot can only be useful after it is like a tiger moving silently, & a dragon moving unpredictably. 

解曰:手法與足法,總取輕利靈活為妙,切勿習於滯呆之氣,以自陷於失利,所謂滯氣不打人也。

The Explanation says: With the Hand Method & Foot Method, in general you should choose a small number to benefit from agility & become clever. By no means should you practice until the Qi is stagnant & dull, causing yourself to fall into a trap & suffer defeat. Surely, the so-called Stagnant Qi never struck anybody. 

(七)上法進法。蓋上法以手為妙,進法以足為奇,而總以身法為要,如手起似丹鳳朝陽是也。其進步如前步搶上搶下進步後腳踩打是也。是必三節明,四梢齊,五行閉,身法活,手足之法連,而後視其遠近,隨其老嫩,一動而即至也。然其方亦有六焉,六者何?即工、順、勇、疾、狠、直是也。夫工者巧也。順者自然也。勇者果斷也。疾者緊急也。狠者恨也、忿怒也,即動不容情,心一顫而內勁出也。直者直發心中的見之真而彼難變化也。六方明,則上法進法得矣。

(7) Upper Method & Advancing Method. Concealing the Upper Method’s use of the hands is subtle, the Advancing Method’s use of the feet is unusual, & collecting uses the Body Method demandingly, just like the hand rising resembles a red Phoenix facing the sun. Supposing the Advance Step is a front step, either a rushing forward or rushing backward Advance Step, the rear leg stamp strikes. You must have the Three Sections clarified, the Four Tips evened out, the Five Phases closed, the Hand & Foot Methods linked. After that inspect the distance, varying according to the enemy’s level of experience, and arrive with a single movement. Thus there are six parts to the method. What are the six? They are Skill, Following, Courage, Quickness, Vicious, & Straight. Skill is clever. Following is natural. Courage is decisive. Quickness is swift. Vicious is hateful, furious rage, i.e. movement that cannot tolerate a feeling, the entire core shakes & the Internal Jin issues. Straight is straightforwardly issuing what’s in your heart to see its truth & change the difficulties. Understand the Six Parts then the Upper Method & Advancing Method will be complete. 

(八)顧法、開法、截法、追法。

(8) Observation Method, Opening Method, Intercepting Method, & Chasing Method

顧法者,單顧、雙顧、上顧、下顧、顧前後左右是也。如單顧則用截捶,雙顧則用橫捶,顧上則用衝天炮,顧下則用臥地炮,顧前後則用前後梢捶或用前後斬拳,顧左右則用括邊炮或括身炮捶,此以隨機而動,非若他人之鉤連棚架也。

The Observation Methods are Single Observing, Double Observing, Upper Observing, Lower Observing, & Observing the Front & Back, Left & Right. If Single Observing then use Intercepting Hammer, if Double Observing then use Horizontal Hammer, observing above then use Thrusting to Heaven Pounding, observing below then use Lying on the Earth Pounding, observing the front & back then use Front & Back Tip Hammer or use Front & Back Severing Fist, observing the left & right then use Enclose the Side Pounding or use Enclosing Body Pounding. These are used according to the situation & movements, not like other people’s hook linked scaffolding. 

開法者,有左開右開、剛開、柔開。左開如神填炮(里括),右開如外填炮(外括)也。剛開如前六藝之硬功,柔開如六藝之軟功也。

The Opening Methods are Posses the Left to Open the Right Opening, Hard Opening, & Soft Opening. Left Opening is like Spirt Filling Pounding (Village Enclosing), Right Opening is like Outside Filling Pounding (External Enclosing). Hard Opening is like the former Six Arts’ Hard Skill, Soft Opening is like the Six Arts’ Soft Skill. 

截法者,截手、截身、截言、截面、截心也。截手者,彼先動而即截之也。截身者,彼未動而截之也。截言者,彼言露其意而截之也。截面者,彼面露其色而截之也。截心者,彼言甘貌恭我,防其有心,而迎機以截之也。

The Intercepting Methods are Intercepting the Hand, Intercepting the Body, Intercepting the Words, Intercepting the Face, & Intercepting the Mind. Intercepting the Hand is when he moves & I intercept him. Intercepting the Body is when he hasn’t moved yet & I intercept him. Intercepting the Words are when his words reveal his intent & I intercept him. Intercepting the Face is when his face reveals his desire & I intercept him. Intercepting the Mind is when his sweet words appear respectful toward me, I guard against his intentions & meet the opportunity in order to intercept him. 

解曰:面笑不動唇,提放有意人也。追風趕月不放松,彼雖欲走而不能矣,何患其有雜計邪術乎。

The Explanation says: The face smiles without moving the lips, surely rising up releases a person’s intentions. Chasing the wind to catch the Moon without relaxing, he cannot escape even if he wishes. Why worry even if he has various schemes & evil techniques?

(九)三性調養。蓋眼為見性,耳為靈性,心為勇性,此三性者術之妙用也。故眼中不時常循環,耳中不時常報音,心中不是常驚省,則精靈之意在我,庶不致為人所窺,而生失機之虞也。

(9) Three Qualities to Tune & Foster. Build up the eyes’ sharpness, the ears’ sensitivity, & the heart’s bravery. The techniques of these three qualities have exquisite usefulness. Therefore, if the eyes are not always moving, the ears are not always reporting noise, & the heart is not always fearless, then common people will not notice the spiritual intention within me & behave, causing a lifetime of worry over missed opportunities. 

解曰:臨陣須提防,小心無過矣。

The Explanation says: You must stay vigilant before battle, be careful not to celebrate too soon. 

(十)勁法。夫勁寓於無形之中,而接於有形之表,實難以言傳,然其理亦可參焉。蓋志者氣之帥也,氣者體之充也,心動而氣即隨之,氣動而力即赴之,此必然之理也。今以功於藝者言之,以為撞勁者非也,功勁者非也,所謂拼勁、崩勁者皆非也,殆顫勁是也。撞勁太直,不利於起落,功勁太死,而難變化,拼勁崩勁太促,難以展招,惟顫勁出沒其捷,可使日月無光,而不見其形,手到勁發,天地交合,如風一過,而不費其力。總之運於三性之中,發於一戰之頃,如虎之伸爪不見爪,而物不能逃,龍之用力不見力,而山不能阻,如是十法合而為一,而克人豈有不利者乎。

(10) Jin Method. The Jin resides within formlessly, & extends to the surface to show visibly, its reality is difficult to convey in words, so its principles may also be irregular. The will is the Qi’s commander, Qi is the body’s fuel, the mind moves & the Qi immediately follows it, the Qi moves & power immediately goes to it, this is certainly its principle. Now in order to get good results in this skill let us discuss it. Therefore Knocking Jin is incorrect, Effort Jin is incorrect, so-called Joined Jin, or Collapsing Jin is in all cases incorrect, only Shaking Jin is correct. Knocking Jin is too straight, it is detrimental to Rising & Falling, Effort Jin is too inflexible & difficult to change, Joined Jin or Collapsing Jin is too hurried & makes extending maneuvers difficult, only Shaking Jin, with its nimble coming & going, can cause the Sun & Moon not to shine & not see its shape. The hand arrives & the Jin issues, Heaven & Earth mutually combine, like the wind passing alone, & so it’s strength isn’t wasted. In short by applying the Three Qualities during a battle, issue it in a single moment, like a tiger’s extended claws do not meet claws, & so creatures cannot escape, like a dragon’s use of power is not used against the powerful, & so cannot be blocked. Thus the Ten Methods merge together & subdue people. Where is the disadvantage?

以上十法練成一貫,而武藝不亦成乎!吾匯其理,摘其要而釋之,以為後學者訓。

Persistantly train the above-mentioned Ten Methods to completion, or your martial arts will not succeed! I have gathered together its principles, selected the essentials & explained them, in order to leave behind scholarly teaching. 

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